18+ The cover of Nicholas Jose's Bapo, a 19th-century hand-fan decorated with Chinese characters and a collage of contrasting patterns, catches the eye. It invites the reader to open the book, learn about its author and title, and delve into his short story collection.
Jose is a novelist and essayist. He was general editor of the Macquarie PEN Anthology of Australian Literature and is Professor of Creative Writing at Adelaide University. His association with China dates to the early 1980s when he decided to learn Mandarin. As he confided on ABC Radio National's Books and Arts show in October 2014, 'something in my bones told me China would be important to Australia.'
Jose first visited China in 1983, taught in Shanghai and Beijing from 1986 to 1987, and was Cultural Counsellor at the Australian Embassy in Beijing from 1987 to 1990. As he explained, 'China becomes a big part of your life when you get involved with it. It becomes almost like a partner. It becomes ever present.'
Short Story Collection
In his latest collection of short stories influenced by China, Jose defines bapo as a form of Chinese painting, where the artist tricks the observer into seeing a 'collage of fragments'. The word literally means 'eight broken', from ba, the number eight and a lucky number in Chinese culture, and po, which means broken. Thus bapo suggests 'broken luck', though it can also suggest 'a luck in simply surviving, less glorious maybe, but not so bad in the long run.'
Jose explores both meanings as metaphors in Bapo, presenting a collage of disparate stories that offer insight into China. Through reflection, he reveals how the lives of his characters – Chinese and Australian, artists, diplomats, entrepreneurs, expatriates and immigrants – have been challenged and changed since the 1980s.
Book of Two Parts
The book is divided into two parts. Part 1 opens with strong Chinese subjects and engaging characters, though drifting into sexual power-play themes towards the middle of the book may not suit all readers. In Part 2, the storylines shift from China, giving the book a disjointed feel, yet it ends with the delightful tale of a Chinese immigrant girl who becomes a local legend.
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Reading Bapo leaves one with an appreciation of how an ever-present relationship with China develops and takes hold. I closed the book inspired to learn more about this fascinating country of growing importance to Australia and the wider world.
© 2015 Robert Fairhead
This review was published by Writing NSW in June 2015. I enjoyed writing in part because at the time I was studying Mandarin to help my son with his language studies at school and it gave me some insight into Chinese culture ... from an expat point of view.
Robert is a writer and editor at Tall And True and blogs on his eponymous website, RobertFairhead.com. He also writes and narrates episodes for the Tall And True Short Reads storytelling podcast, featuring his short stories, blog posts and other writing from Tall And True.
Robert's book reviews and other writing have appeared in print and online media. In 2020, he published his début collection of short stories, Both Sides of the Story. In 2021, Robert published his first twelve short stories for the Furious Fiction writing competition, Twelve Furious Months, and in 2022, his second collection of Furious Fictions, Twelve More Furious Months. And in 2023, he published an anthology of his microfiction, Tall And True Microfiction.
Besides writing, Robert's favourite pastimes include reading, watching Aussie Rules football with his son and walking his dog.
He has also enjoyed a one-night stand as a stand-up comic.